Minimum Essential Data Package

In support of its objective to improve the quality, availability and accessibility of data for sustainable development, the Global Partnership for Sustainable Development Data has established a series of working groups. The Country Roadmaps Working Group specifically aims to assist countries to develop a comprehensive roadmap for improving their capacity for data collection, use, dissemination and decision-making. A key priority for the group is to develop a toolbox that enables countries to develop Data Roadmaps for Sustainable Development by considering both official monitoring and real­time, dynamic, disaggregated data. This module summarizes work completed by the United Nations Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN) to support the development of such a toolbox. Specifically, it proposes three tools: (1) an Essential Minimum Data Package that is needed to measure and implement the SDGs, (2) a Common Template to identify data gaps at the country level and (3) a series of questions that should help to fill this Common Template and build a country­-led Data Roadmap for Sustainable Development.

Tool 1: Essential Minimum Data Package

The first tool is a matrix that identifies and tabulates internationally accepted data sources relevant for the broad range of development that is targeted via the SDGs, in addition to making note of any international standards and best practices associated with each statistical package. The tool is informed by past recommendations (see Key Resources) as well as additional in­-depth research into various data collection methods.

Tool 2: Common Data Template

The second tool is a Common Template that allows multi­-sector stakeholders at the country level to identify data gaps and construct data baselines specific to each country. It is built based on the Essential Minimum Data Package. In the template, each row is exactly the same as the corresponding row in the Essential Minimum Data Package, while the columns incorporate some of the key questions about each data source included in the questionnaire.

Tool 3: Questionnaire

The third tool is a set of questions meant to help countries — national statistical offices (NSOs) and other government agencies, working in partnership with the broader data community, including civil society, academia/research institutions, media and private companies, with support from the Global Partnership for Sustainable Development Data — to assess their current data capacity and determine areas where investments need to be made for a more efficient monitoring system, based on identified global standards.

Concluding Remarks

Monitoring the 2030 Agenda  would require substantive improvements in national statistical capacities. The necessity for stronger and more systematic collection of administrative data to improve government performance and encourage evidence ­based decision ­making is unquestionable. Consistent and timely collection of quality data on the varied dimensions of sustainable development requires a thorough evaluation of the existing data systems in a country, and knowledge of globally accepted data collection best practices so that data gaps can be bridged through smart investments.

In light of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, it is crucial to develop geospatial and environmental data systems and monitoring programs. Additionally, SDSN would like to point out new innovations in data systems and data sources that have emerged with advances in technology, such as satellite data, remote sensing, drones (UAVs), crowd­sourcing, social media data, mobile phone data, web data and others that offer opportunities to collect data in more efficient, frequent and cost-effective ways, to be used as complements to official statistical data collection instruments and as substitutes in extreme data-constrained environments.